中国自20世纪70年代实行改革开放政策以来，经济一直以惊人的速度发展。粮食、肉类、钢等工农业产品的产量一直在显著增长;原子能(atomic energy)、计算机技术、航空航天(aviation and aerospace)技术等方面也已经达到世界先进水平。预计到21世纪中叶，中国将基本实现现代化，达到中等发达国家的水平。目前，中国经济发展水平的地区差异较大，东部沿海地区比较发达，而西部地区相对不那么发达。中国正在进行西部大开发(Western Development Strategy),以缩小各地区的经济发展差异。
Since China implemented the reform and opening-up policy in the 1970s,its economy has keptdeveloping at a remarkably high speed. The outputof the industrial and agricultural products, such asgrain, meat and steel etc., has been growingmarkedly. And the technologies of atomic energy, computer, aviation and aerospace havereached the world advanced level. It is predicted that China will basically realizemodernization and reach the level of the medium-developed countries by the middle of the21st centuiy. Currently, China's economic level varies widely among regions. The areas alongthe east coast in China are fairly developed, while those in the west are comparativelyunderdeveloped. Due to this, China is carrying out the Western Development Strategy so as tonarrow down the economic gaps between different regions.